What Are Examples Of Punitive Damages?

What two types of damages might be awarded in a civil case?

Damages: An Overview Generally, there are two types of damages: compensatory and punitive.

(The term “damages” typically includes both categories, but the term, “actual damages” is synonymous with compensatory damages, and excludes punitive damages.).

How do you prove punitive damages?

Punitive damages may only be awarded if the plaintiff proves by clear and convincing evidence that his or her harm was the result of actual malice. This burden of proof may not be satisfied by proof of any degree of negligence including gross negligence.

COMPENSATORY. Compensatory damages are generally the most identifiable and concrete type of damages. These include amounts for lost income, property damages, and medical care resulting from the Defendant’s misconduct.

Is punitive damages the same as pain and suffering?

Damages for pain and suffering are a type of compensatory damages. Punitive damages are damages which are assessed against the defendant for egregious misconduct and are intended to punish the defendant and to deter others from similar misconduct.

What do compensatory damages cover?

Compensatory damages are intended to compensate the plaintiff of a lawsuit with enough money to cover the actual amount of the injury or loss. … Actual damages are intended to provide the monetary amount necessary to replace what was lost and nothing more. Actual compensatory damages include: Medical and hospital bills.

What are the most frequently awarded damages in a breach of contract lawsuit?

Compensatory damages: This is the most common breach of contract remedy. When compensatory damages are awarded, a court orders the person that breached the contract to pay the other person enough money to get what they were promised in the contract elsewhere.

Do actual damages include emotional distress?

In a 5-3 decision in Federal Aviation Administration v. Cooper, Justice Samuel Alito, writing for the majority, said “actual damages” in context of the Privacy Act do not include damages for mental or emotional distress and the government maintains sovereign immunity from such claims under the act.

What are actual damages in a lawsuit?

In tort law, actual damages is a type of damages which refers to compensation awarded by a court in response to a loss suffered by a party. The Supreme Court held in Birsdall v. Coolidge, 93 U.S. 64 (1876) that the phrases “compensatory damages” and “actual damages” are identical.

What is the standard for punitive damages?

In California, for example, some courts have limited punitive damages so that they do not exceed 10% of a defendant’s net worth. In other states, punitive damages awards must bear a reasonable relationship to the compensatory damages. They may not be more than two or three times the amount of compensatory damages.

Which states allow punitive damages?

Forty-three states, including Connecticut, plus the District of Columbia, allow punitive damages in medical malpractice actions. Five jurisdictions prohibit punitive damages for all civil actions.

What is an example of compensatory damages?

Compensatory damages, or actual damages, are monies sued for that are limited to the extent and actual costs of the injury or loss. For example: If someone proves emotional distress was caused by the injury or loss, compensatory damages awarded may cover sleep loss, missed days at work, and therapy costs.

What’s the difference between punitive damages and compensatory?

The main difference between these two types of damages is that they are directed toward different parties of a civil claim. Compensatory damages are awarded to benefit the plaintiff and to help him or her cover the costs of an accident and/or injury. Punitive damages are awarded to punish the defendant.

What does punitive damages mean in a lawsuit?

Punitive damages, or exemplary damages, are damages assessed in order to punish the defendant for outrageous conduct and/or to reform or deter the defendant and others from engaging in conduct similar to that which formed the basis of the lawsuit. … Punitive damages cannot generally be awarded in contract disputes.

Are attorneys fees punitive damages?

“[A]bsent some statutory authority or contractual provision, attorneys’ fees cannot be awarded unless punitive damages are also proper.” Fulton v. … Punitive damages are only proper when the plaintiff shows by clear and convincing evidence the defendant acted with actual malice.

What is a monetary damage?

Monetary damages are compensation given to an injured party by a liable party. Monetary damages may be restitution, a penalty, or both.